New owner guide

Useful tips for new owners

How to choose the right puppy for me? 

Choose a reputable breeder whose dogs have up to date medical check for the following diseases

The parents of the puppy should have certificate of Patella luxation and Eye examination.

Patella Check abbreviation that stands the dog is healthy: Pat. 0 or PLL Clear/ 0

Eye check abbreviation that stands the dog is healthy: Eyes Clear or PRA 0

The results of these health test should be written on the Pedigree of the puppy.These studies provide that your puppy will be healthy in the long run. Dogs who have outstanding dog show results and are free from the listed diseases are more likely to have beautiful and healthy puppies than others.


Female or male puppy? 

All puppies are sweet! 

Who can say they’re not the most adorable companions you could ask for?

They are all sweet, cuddly, wiggly, snuggly, and affectionate. 

For some reason, many times people have a pre-determined idea that female puppies are easier to train and exhibit less aggressive behavior, but in actuality boys are just as easy. In fact, female puppies usually rule the roost, and are very independent and territorial. 

Females will let you know who’s boss right away and will try to establish dominance.Males are very playful, attentive, affectionate, and want to please you. They are also motivated by food (remember the way to love is through the stomach or something like that) and so males are quite easy to train. Boys love to play games and they are fun loving all their life. 

Females, as they age, are a little more reserved. While the independent spunkiness of the female is attractive, so is the gentle, attentive calmness of a male.The one myth that needs to be debunked is that males are always 

“humping” or liftingtheir leg to potty on everything. If a male is neutered early, he rarely exhibits these traits. In fact, boys who are neutered by 5 months of age usually don’t ever raise their leg to potty.So when considering a puppy, don’t forget those boys. They win your heart and keep it.


Taking a little puppy to his  new home

Bringing home a new puppy is truly one of life's joys. Thoughtful pre-puppy preparations and a well-planned first 24 hours can give your fuzzy bundle of  promise a head start and make your dreams of the perfect family dog come true.

Surviving the first night with your puppy

Bringing home a new puppy

Prepare for a puppy

Puppy safety guide


Shopping List

Dog bowls – 2 pcs inox bowls in medium size

Bed – 2 pcs ( 1 bed in the livingroom and 1 in the bedroom)  appropriate size: 70 x 60 cm.

Dog shampoo and grooming spray – buy expensive ones that are highly concentrated. You ‘d better consult with a professional to get the right products for the Bolognese coat. You should avoid human products and grooming sprays that contains ALCOHOL.

Brush and Comb - 1 pc  Face/Feet Buttercomb for eye cleaning, 1pc medium size slicker brush, 1pc medium size pin brush

Toys – use products that are made for dogs, avoid too big or too small ones ( that can be swallowed)

Chewings – chewing stickers and chewing shoes made for dogs

Harness and Leash – choose XS size harness for your young puppy. At the age of 1,5 we can change to normal collar. Avoid flexible/ telescopic leashes because they give us lack of control

Dryfood – before we buy it consult with the breeder


 How to house train my dog?

Puppies need to be house trained in order to understand that it’s not okay  to eliminate in your house. House training is a simple process, but one that  must be carried out positively. Use pee pads at first - when the dog is too small to go out. We start training the little pups for house trainig at the age of 5 weeks. It will help a lot to the new owner.

How to use the pee pads

House train a puppy


 What can a dog eat?

Dogs should be fed at the same time every day. This will keep your dog on a bathroom schedule.  Give some food to your dog in the morning  and give her a 2nd meal in the afternoon. Feed your dog the same type and brand of food every day.  Unlike humans, a dog's digestive system cannot handle changes in food. 

Dangerous food for dogs

All about feeding

All about BARF diet


How can I feed a puppy?

Share the daily portion into pieces.  

12 weeks old puppy:feed 4 times a day

3-5 months old puppy: feed 3 times a day

Over 6 months: feed  2-3 times a day

Give 2 times fresh water to your dog. If your young puppy remains hungry after meal give him more food. Puppies should never be hungry!

Feed your adult Bolognese 2 times a day: once in the morning at around 8 am and once in the afternoon at around 5-6 pm. Take your dog for a walk after eating.


My puppy often hiccough after eating…Is it normal?

Yes, It is. Young dogshiccough almost everyday.


Toothbrushing for dogs?

You should brush your dog’s teeth once a week. Buy dog toothbrush and toothpaste in the pet shop.


What can I do when my puppy changes her teeth?

Puppies change her teeth at the age of 4-5 months. They chew a lot during this period. Give them extra amount of  dog chewing and put away dangerous human object in your house. Check the teeth changing procedure regularly. Take your dog to the vet if it is necessary.


Chewing and chewing damages

The sad truth is that during teething even the cutest puppy can easily turn into a “shoe-terminator”.

In the age of 3 to 6 months puppies replace their milk teeth with their final teeth. This process is quite unnoticeable as puppies – unlike human babies – don’t cry, they don’t require soothing or musing their food.

However, it is highly recommended to do is to collect and put away all items that we wouldn’t wish to be used as dog chew, such as cables, shoes, slippers, and everything else made from natural skin or wood, or anything that could be broken down into smaller parts that the dog could swallow, etc.

Instead, we should provide the dog with plenty of chewing toys e.g. chewing shoes, rolls, bites, etc. made from dried calf skin. When the puppy starts looking for a chewing item we should offer these chowing toys and warn and stop them if they would prefer any other item for chewing. This way we could avoid sorry moments.


The dog digs – What to do?

Using paws to dig is a natural activity for dogs and it is often has no any specific purpose, it’s just a play. Bolognese also likes to dig often in their beds, pillows or anything before lying down on them.


How to play with my dog?

The Bolognese is very playful so we should spend every day some (1- 1,5 hours a day!) time to play together when we can focus only on our pet. These dogs especially like soft toys and the smaller balls.

It is possible that a Bolognese suddenly stop in the middle of the play to take some rest and to lay down, this is normal behavior so it is recommended to leave them to rest. 


How to teach my dog?

It is easy to teach a Bolognese as they like learning new tricks.  It is recommended to take it to dog school after 1 year of age, preferably in an institution where they form separate classes for smaller and larger size breeds. In some places there are also available some socialization courses even before the age of 1 year.

In case we have sufficient experience in It we can also teach our pet at home.

A Bolognese is able to successfully pass the basic obedience training and this breed is also good as a therapeutic dog.


How to reward my dog?

A Bolognese can be rewarded with some dog treat or –some of them – with some play together. For each properly accomplished instruction we should reward our pet with a dog treat. Most of the commercially available dog treats are too large for this breed so I usually cut each piece of treat into 2-3 bits to make it easier them to eat. It is recommended to choose treats that are not too hard or crispy as it is difficult us to cut them up and it is also  more difficult for the dogs to swallow them.

To avoid overeating the quantity of treats should be subtracted from the daily food portion. Don’t give more than 10 – 20 small bites of dog treats a day.


Walking with dogs

Walk your dog properly - enjoy the time outside! Use a normal leash and a soft collar. Always take some dogtreats with you  and give it to your dog when he behaves well.

It's a real pleasure to walk with a well-behaved dog who doesn't pull his leash.

Cesar Millan's tips how to be the pack leader during the walk

Walking with a dog


My dog eats everything from the ground!

Usually yound Bologneses find it very interesting to eat from the ground during walking.

We should teach our puppy to quit this bad habit because it can cause serious illnesses or poisoning. Teach them the “ LEAVE IT”  command and use it during the regular walk.


My dog vomits – Is she sick?

Vomiting not necessarily means sickness at dogs. Don’t give yur dog human food such as: spicy meat, sausage, etc.  Check on the internet what meals and foods are dangerous for your dog.

Ask your vet for help in serous situations.


Clothing tips

A Bolognese has a small body with delicate skin so they easily can have cold during colder weather.  To avoid problems it is recommended to wear a dog jacket but overalls covering also the legs can do a good service in wet weather as they can protect the fur from soaking and repel the dirt. Waterproof clothing with soft, warm lacing is recommended.


Bolognese in the rain

Most Bolognese doesn’t like wet weather so we shouldn’t be surprised if they are not willing to get out of the house in the rain. To my experience it doesn’t help to take them out from the house by force as they only want to get back inside as soon as possible even without a pee. 


Leaving your dog alone at home

A little 10 weeks old puppy is like a newborn human baby- should be watched all day long. When your dog becomes older you can start training him to be alone.  All owners find it occasionally necessary to leave their puppydog at home alone.  So before leaving your puppy for long periods, you should teach him how to amuse  himself appropriately when left alone, such as by chewing stuffed chewtoys, and  learning how to enjoy his own company without becoming anxious or stessed.

Leaving your dog alone



For puppies it is  not recommended to allow to take the stairs themselves: they not only able to fall down but their muscles, bones and joints are not strong enough for it so using the stairs too early can have negative health consequences later.

My recommendation is to bring the puppies up to 6 – 8 months of age in hands on the stairs up and down and we should fence off the stairs from them. Older dogs can use the stairs freely but try to keep it at a moderate level.


When will my puppy start her heat cycle?

While it is not a hard rule, most females come into their first heat cycle around six months of age. While many females will hold to a fairly steady schedule of coming into season about every six months, it can vary. Once a female has her first season, you can track subsequent cycles to determine what her natural pattern will be. The lenght of a cycle is app. 21 days. You shouldn’t put clothes or pant on your female dog during her cycle. They perfectly cleans themselves .


Why do I neuter my dog?

  1. Your female pet will live a longer, healthier life.
    Spaying helps prevent uterine infections and breast cancer, which is fatal in about 50 percent of dogs and 90 percent of cats. Spaying your pet before her first heat offers the best protection from these diseases.
  2. Neutering provides major health benefits for your male.
    Besides preventing unwanted litters, neutering your male companion prevents testicular cancer, if done before six months of age.
  3. Your spayed female won't go into heat.
    While cycles can vary, female felines usually go into heat four to five days every three weeks during breeding season. In an effort to advertise for mates, they'll yowl and urinate more frequently—sometimes all over the house!
  4. Your male dog won't want to roam away from home.
    An intact male will do just about anything to find a mate! That includes digging his way under the fence and making like Houdini to escape from the house. And once he's free to roam, he risks injury in traffic and fights with other males.
  5. Your neutered male will be much better behaved.
    Neutered cats and dogs focus their attention on their human families. On the other hand, unneutered dogs and cats may mark their territory by spraying strong-smelling urine all over the house. Many aggression problems can be avoided by early neutering.
  6. Spaying or neutering will NOT make your pet fat.
    Don’t use that old excuse! Lack of exercise and overfeeding will cause your pet to pack on the extra pounds—not neutering. Your pet will remain fit and trim as long as you continue to provide exercise and monitor food intake.
  7. It is highly cost-effective.
    The cost of your pet's spay/neuter surgery is a lot less than the cost of having and caring for a litter. It also beats the cost of treatment when your unneutered tom escapes and gets into fights with the neighborhood stray!
  8. Spaying and neutering your pet is good for the community.
    Stray animals pose a real problem in many parts of the country. They can prey on wildlife, cause car accidents, damage the local fauna and frighten children. Spaying and neutering packs a powerful punch in reducing the number of animals on the streets.
  9. Your pet doesn't need to have a litter for your children to learn about the miracle of birth.
    Letting your pet produce offspring you have no intention of keeping is not a good lesson for your children—especially when so many unwanted animals end up in shelters. There are tons of books and videos available to teach your children about birth in a more responsible way.
  10. Spaying and neutering helps fight pet overpopulation.
    Every year, millions of cats and dogs of all ages and breeds are euthanized or suffer as strays. These high numbers are the result of unplanned litters that could have been prevented by spaying or neutering.


How often should I deworm my dog?

Worms or parasites are one of the more common problems encountered in canine veterinary practice. Several different types of worms may be seen in dogs and puppies: roundworms, hookworms, tapeworms, whipworms, and coccidia. For this reason you should deworm your dog in every 6 months. Reliable products: Drontal Plus or Milbemax tablets.

Roll the deworming tablet into a little piece of ham and give itt o your dog.


Where can I find more info about dogs?

These are my favourite books about dogs.  They helped me become a conscientious dog owner.

A great website

Jan Fennel the real dog listener's books

Victoria Stillwell books

Cesar Millan's books

Latest update: 2022-01-11

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